RASHTRIYA MADHYAMIK SHIKSHA ABHIYAN
(A Scheme for Universalisation of Access to and Improvement of Quality at the Secondary and Higher Secondary Stage)
It is well recognized that eight years of education are insufficient to equip a child for the world of work as also to be a competent adult and citizen. The pressure on Secondary Education is already being felt due to the success of SSA .Therefore, while Secondary Education is not constitutionally compulsory, it is necessary and desirable that access to Secondary Education is universalized leading to enhanced participation and its quality is improved for all.
1. RASHTRIYA MADHYAMIK SHIKSHA ABHIYAAN
· The vision for secondary education is to make good quality education available, accessible and affordable to all young persons in the age group of 14-18 years. With this vision in mind, the following is to be achieved
· To provide a Secondary school within 5 kms and Higher Secondary school within 7-10 kms
· Ensure universal access of secondary education by 2017
· Universal retention by2020
· Providing access to secondary education with special references to economically weaker sections of the society, the educationally backward, the girls and the disabled children residing in rural areas and other marginalized categories like SC,ST,OBC and Educationally Backward Minorities
- To ensure that all secondary schools have physical facilities, staffs and supplies at least according to the prescribed standards through financial support in case of Government /Local Body and Government Aided Schools and appropriate regulatory mechanism in the case of other schools
- To improve access to secondary schooling to all young persons according to norms-through proximate location(say Secondary school within 5 kms and HSS within 7-10 kms),efficient and safe transport arrangements /residing facilities, depending on local circumstances including open schooling. However in hilly and difficult areas these norms can be relaxed. Preferably residential schools may be set up in such areas
- To ensure that no child is deprived of secondary education of satisfactory quality due to gender, socio economic, disability and other barriers
- To improve quality of secondary education resulting in enhanced intellectual, social and cultural learning
- To ensure that all students pursuing secondary education receive education of good quality
· Achievement of the above objectives would also, inter-alia, signify substantial progress in the direction of the common schooling system.